Diabetic Retinopathy | Divya Sirsikar


Published by: theblogbee, Sun Jun 05 2022

diabetic retinopathy divya sirsikar ophthalmology diabetes mellitus occular retina

Watch the Video Below For Detailed Explanation It refers to retinal changes seen in patients with diabetes mellitus. Etiopathogenesis: Risk factor 1. Duration of diabetes 2.sex...more in females 3. Poor metabolic c┬Żntrl 4.heredity 5.pregnancy 6.hypertension 7.smoking, obesity, hyperlipidemia Classification 1.nonproliferative dibetic retinopathy NPDR Features- microaneurysm, retinal haemorrhage, dark-blot haemorrhage, hard exudates, oedema, venous abnormalities, intra retinal microvascular abnormality(IRMA) 4 types Mild- microaneurysm, hard-soft exudates Moderate-microaneurysm, IRMA,exudates Severe-a. 4 quadrants of microaneurysm b. 2 quadrants of venous beading c. 1 quadrant of IRMA changes Very severe- same as severe. 2. Proliferative diabtc retinopathy PDR -common in juvenile diabetes pt. -occurence of neovascularization along with very severe changes of nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy Types: on the basis of high risk character A. PDR without HRCs B. PDR with HRCs 3. Diabetic retinopathy Diabetic macular oedema occurs due to increased permeability of retinal capillaries it is termed as clinically significant macular oedema (CSME) Types 1. Focal exudative maculopathy- haemorrhage, oedema, microaneurysm, hard exudates 2. Diffuse exudative maculopathy- diffuse retinal oedema, few exudates 3. Ischaemic maculopathy- same as focal with marked loss of vision 4. Mixed maculopathy- combined 1 and 3. 4. Advanced diabetic eye diseases - end result of uncontrolled proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Complications: a..vitreous haemorrhage b..tractional retinal detachment c..neovascular glaucoma Investigations: Urine and blood sugar examination Fundus fluorescein angiography Management 1. Screening for diabetic retinopathy 2. Medical treatment A. Control of systemic factors B. Role of pharmacological modulation C. Role of intravitreal steroids 3. Photocoagulation Argon or diode laser used A. Macular photocoagulation -focal treatment -grid treatment

External Links

(We Try to Sanitize The Links Posted On the Website to Protect You but we Cannot Guarantee 100% safety so we suggest you to use a VPN to visit the links)

www.instagram.com/theblogbee





Share Post Link


Comments : 0

You need to login before you can comment. Click here to go to the login page.

No comments yet.

More from theblogbee

View Posts

Art

One should either be a work of art or wear a work of art.

Photography

Say Cheeez

Facts

Did you know?

Food

I'm not drooling, you are!

Inspiration

One Day or Day One... You Decide

Poetry

Just one beautiful line of poetry can stay with you forever

Fashion

Style is a way to say who you are without having to speak.

Lifestyle & Wellness

Your life only gets better when you do..

Review

Let Me Walk You Through